Excerpts of Theodotus
An interesting artifact displayed in the Israel Museum in Jerusalem is the dedicatory inscription, written in Greek, from the synagogue of Theodotos in Jerusalem. This inscription, made of limestone, was discovered in by Raymond Weill during excavations in the City of David. Lost Treasures of the Bible, Kindle Locations It was established by his forefathers, the elders and Simonides. The Theodotus Synagogue Inscription. Israel Museum, Jerusalem.
Writings of the Valentinian School
This large cemetery contained over burial chambers hewn into seven rocky hillsides. One monumental tomb from this necropolis was of particular interest. Ancient tombs carved into a Jericho hillside. The tomb itself was enormous–its perimeter measured Fresco depicting vines and flowers from the Goliath family tomb.
The latter theodotos have been men- empty only his father had been Palaeography Theodotos dating of undated inscriptions by script type is far from an exact.
Abstract: In this article I shall present an in-depth study of the condition of the Jews living in the city of Rome during the Middle and Late Republic. I shall make use mainly of epigraphic and literary sources, such as Appianus, Cicero, Josephus, Philo, Suetonius, and Varro. It seems to me, according to a careful reading of epigraphic data as well as the literary evidence presented by Valerius Maximus, that the first record of a Jewish presence in Rome ought to be dated no earlier than the second half of the second century B.
According to Philo, only by the middle of the first century B. Yet there were also some liberti and a few peregrini, or immigrants. Most of them probably settled in the Subura. It seems that Varro was very impressed by the lack of images in the Jewish religion, an attitude which suggested a certain similarity to earlier Roman cultic practices.
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The initial dating of the scroll by Barthélemy was the first century CE, but in the evidence for a synagogue of this kind can be seen in the so-called Theodotos.
Fl avium Agrippam pontif icem , II viral em col oniae primae Fl dating Aug ustae Caesareae oratorem ex dec urionum dec reto pec unia publ ica. Tullius M. Vettenus C. Aphrodisius C. Tertius C. Sextus C. Vettena C. Hilara C. Dating, a Jewish benefactor. Other conjectured identifications are not any more compelling. Vettienus C.
The Ancient Synagogue: The First Thousand Years
Author: Annelies Cazemier. Geographical area Aegean Islands ii. Region Delos iii. Site Delos. Association with unknown name U-AEI Date s l.
4), named as Theodotos, son of Diodoros, from Sounion; known as priest I.Délos is dated after the priesthood of Theodotos, and so are.
Scholars mainly agree that as a pre CE inscription, this piece of limestone has two main implications for our understanding of ancient Jewish society. First, the inscription provides evidence that ancient synagogues were centers for teaching and learning Jewish law the Torah. Setting : Sitting on the front steps of a stone synagogue in Jerusalem, an older man and his young son gaze upon a Greek dedicatory inscription carved into the wall:.
Theodotus, son of Vettenus, priest and ruler of the synagogue [archisynagogos], son of a ruler of the synagogue [archisynagogos], grandson of a ruler of the synagogue [archisynagogos], built the synagogue [synagoge] for the reading of the law and the teaching of the commandments, and also the guest chamber and the upper rooms and the ritual pools of water for accommodating those needing them from abroad, which his fathers, the Elders [presbyteroi] and Simonides founded.
The year is 65 CE. He is a priest and archisynagogos, leader of the synagogue. Theodotus : Do you like the synagogue, my child? Look closely and remember. Someday you will lead your people in worship, and teach them. Theodotus : Study the words above your head, my child. This space was built first and foremost for the reading and the teaching of the Torah, as tradition dictates.
Inscription ICG 2381
The Theodotos inscription is the earliest known inscription from a synagogue. It is the earliest-known evidence of a synagogue building in the region of Palestine. The ten-line inscription is on an ashlar stone measuring 71x45cm.
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Tabbernee ‘Saint Theodotos, help him! Aid the health of Antoninos, artisan of the sanctuary of Theodotos. Welcome Search Contact. Found at Kalecik near Ankyra Galatia, central Asia Minor , apparently at the site of his martyr shrine. Probably 5th-6th c. Type of Evidence Inscriptions – Formal inscriptions stone, mosaic, etc. Inscriptions – Inscribed architectural elements. Source A fragmentary octagonal column base of grey limestone, with carvings of crosses, palm leaves, a rosette, a vine, and a snake.
Partially buried. Visible dimensions: H. Found and photographed by I. Macpherson in the s at the site of a cemetery probably in situ at Kalecik ancient Malos, area of Ankyra, Galatia, central Asia Minor , revisited and copied by Stephen Mitchell in The text runs below the carvings, around the column. This hypothesis could be verified only through a closer examination of the find spot whether it was an ancient cemetery, and whether the stone was part of a building erected there over the tomb of the martyr.
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The problem then becomes, by what criteria do we identify these as synagogue buildings? The study of the ancient synagogue has recently been the focus of a great deal of scholarly literature. Two periods have especially interested scholars: the origin of the synagogue, and the first-century period, which is of particular interest to those working in New Testament studies. One of the major factors leading to this new-found interest is the availability of fresh archaeological data, particularly within Israel, which has also led to a re-examination of sites previously identified as synagogue buildings.
A major difficulty in this debate has been how you define whether a building should be identified as a synagogue or not, as such a definition can have a major impact on how research is undertaken.
journal of jewish studies, vol. li, no. 2, autumn Dating Theodotos (CIJ II ) John S. Kloppenborg Verbin University of St Michael’s College, Toronto and.
The evidence for dating is derived for the most part from pottery, coins, and other archaeological remains. The manufacture of these terracotta figurines in the Roman İmperial era was an industry that used a rather coarse, but homogeneous, clay that contains a fair amount of mica. A yellowish-red clay with some mica was used rarely, and mostly in 2 nd century BCE. A reddish-yellow clay, sometimes burned light red, with mica, is characteristic of the finest pieces.
The commonest clay is reddish-yellow, according to the Munsell Soil Color Chart, and usually has mica; it often is coated with a light white slip. Religious types are also found and include Aphrodite and worshipers. Other representations of deities included an Ariadne, Dionysos, and his entourage. Tralleis was destroyed by an earthquake in 26 BCE and reconstructed through the efforts of Caesar Augustus. The typological repertoire of the 1 st century CE continued to include standing draped women and men, as well as athletes with quiver, masks, actors, puppets, caricatures, animals, and other mythological and religious types.
These types of figurines were commonly found in most of the Mediterranean sites in the Hellenistic and Roman Imperial eras.